Menopause is a natural decline in reproductive hormones when a woman reaches her 40s or 50s.

Menopause is the natural, reproductive decline that takes place during a woman’s 40’s or 50’s. Menstruation is no longer regular, and the ovaries produce shallow levels of estrogen and progesterone. Low levels can increase health problems. Menopause can also take place in women who have had a hysterectomy (removal of the uterus), or who have undergone chemotherapy/radiation therapy, and primary ovarian insufficiency.

Complications
Though this may seem like a “break” from the usual route, complications may include heart disease, stroke, osteoporosis, urinary incontinence, oral issues, sexual function, weight gain, and lead poisoning.

Symptoms Include:

Less frequent menstruation
Heavier or lighter periods than you normally experience
Vasomotor symptoms (hot flashes, night sweats, and flushing)
Insomnia
Vaginal dryness
Weight gain
Depression
Anxiety
Difficulty concentrating
Memory problems
Reduced libido (or sex drive)
Dry skin, mouth, and eyes

Increased urination
Sore or tender breasts
Headaches
Racing heart
Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
Reduced muscle mass
Painful or stiff joints
Reduced bone mass
Less full breasts
Hair thinning or loss
Increased hair growth on other areas of the body (face, neck, chest, and upper back

Management
Since this is a natural occurrence, treatments primarily revolve around relieving symptoms, as well as preventing or regulating chronic conditions that may occur due to aging. Estrogen therapy (hormone therapy), vaginal estrogen, low-dose antidepressants, or an osteoporosis preventative are available to patients as well.

HOW WE CAN HELP

Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)

Treatment that consists of estrogen and progesterone for women who still have their uterus. Those who have had a hysterectomy will receive a prescription for estrogen.

DEXA Scans

A small amount of X-ray is used to capture images of your bones then calculates their density to determine their strength. Helps to diagnose or prevent osteoporosis.