Every year, about 12,000 men and 36,000 women get thyroid cancer
The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped endocrine gland that is located in the lower front of the neck and is responsible for producing thyroid hormones. Without these hormones, the body cannot function correctly – preventing it from using energy, staying warm and keeping the brain, heart, muscles and other organs working as they should. When the thyroid experiences disruption, it can over-perform or under-perform, leading to a host of complications.
Grave’s Disease is an immune disorder, where the Thyroid hormones are being overproduced and over-active (also called Hyperthyroidism). It is known to be the most common thyroid complication and is 7 to 8 times more likely to be diagnosed in women, than in men. After an appropriate evaluation through labs and imaging, treatments can usually include; medications, radioactive iodine Rx or surgery.
Unlike hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism is when the thyroid gland is under-active, meaning that the gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones, keeping the body from functioning properly. Common causes are autoimmune diseases (such as Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis), surgical removal of the thyroid and radiation treatment.
Hyperparathyroidism (or overactive parathyroid) is when one or more of the parathyroid glands overproduce the parathyroid hormone. Symptoms may include kidney stones, immoderate urination and osteoporosis.
Hypoparathyroidism is a rare condition in which the parathyroid does not produce an adequate amount of parathyroid hormones. This condition is a result of a combination of symptoms, but most commonly occurs due to the removal or damage of the parathyroid glands.
Did You Know…
Your thyroid gland is a small gland, normally weighing less than one ounce, located in the front of the neck. It is made up of two halves, called lobes, that lie along the windpipe (trachea) and are joined together by a narrow band of thyroid tissue, known as the isthmus.