Hyperparathyroidism is an excess of the hormone made by four small glands in the neck (parathyroid glands).

Hyperparathyroidism, or overactive parathyroid, is when one or more of the parathyroid glands overproduce the parathyroid hormone. These glands are the size of a grain of rice and located in the neck. Though tiny, the parathyroid glands have a significant job function, which is to maintain the proper balance of calcium in the bloodstream and in tissues that require calcium to operate aptly.

Complications
There are two types of hyperparathyroidism: primary and secondary. They both have long-term effects from too little or too much calcium in the bloodstream.

Symptoms Include:

Fragile bones that easily fracture (osteoporosis)
Kidney stones
Excessive urination
Abdominal pain
Tiring easily or weakness
Depression or forgetfulness

Bone and joint pain
Frequent complaints of illness with no apparent cause
Nausea, vomiting or loss of appetite
Cardiovascular disease
Neonatal hypoparathyroidism

Management
There are a few treatments available, and with proper management, one can live a long, healthy life. The first is Watchful Waiting, which occurs when calcium levels are only slightly elevated and only need monitoring. Surgery is another common form of treatment. Removal of the glands that are enlarged or have a tumor (adenoma) is a cure and rarely are there any complications (but like all surgeries, there are risks). Lastly, there are also medications that help with managing hyperparathyroidism. Speak with one of our doctors to see which options are a great fit.

HOW WE CAN HELP

Thyroid Ultrasound

Sound waves produce photos of the thyroid gland and is commonly used to evaluate lumps or nodules found during a routine physical or other imaging exam.

Thyroid Biopsy

Your doctor will remove a tiny bit of your thyroid or nodule (lump) to test in a lab. This procedure will either lead to “watchful waiting” (if benign) or surgery (if cancerous).