Grave’s is an immune system disorder of the butterfly-shaped gland in the throat (thyroid).

Hyperthyroidism is when antibodies called thyrotropin receptor antibodies, (TRAb) or thyroid stimulating immunoglobulins (TSI) work overtime. These antibodies bind to receptors on the surface of thyroid cells. They then stimulate those cells, causing them to overproduce and secrete thyroid hormones, resulting in the overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).

Hyperthyroidism can lead to heart trouble, brittle bones, eye problems, skin issues, and Thyrotoxic crisis. These complications can undoubtedly be avoided or reversed once managed.

Symptoms Include

Sudden weight loss
Rapid heartbeat (tachycardia)
Increased appetite
Nervousness, anxiety, and irritability
Tremor in hands and fingers
Increased sensitivity to heat

Changes in bowel patterns
An enlarged thyroid gland (goiter)
Fatigue, muscle weakness
Difficulty sleeping
Skin thinning
Fine, brittle hair

There are several treatments available for hyperthyroidism–it all depends on age, physical condition, the cause of hyperthyroidism, and the severity. Treatments include radioactive iodine, anti-thyroid medications, beta blockers, and surgery (thyroidectomy).


Thyroid Biopsy

Your doctor will remove a tiny bit of your thyroid or nodule (lump) to test in a lab. This procedure will either lead to “watchful waiting” (if benign) or surgery (if cancerous).

Insulin Pump Therapy

Also known as continuous subcutaneous insulin therapy, is a form of treatment for diabetes mellitus. It is a medical device (pump) used to administer insulin.